[Registry] 透過登錄檔維護Windows系統

透過登錄檔維護Windows系統

1. 自訂Windows自動更新方案

  • 測試成功環境: Windows 2003, Windows XP
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\WindowsUpdate\AU]
"NoAutoUpdate"=dword:00000000
"AUOptions"=dword:00000003
"DetectionFrequencyEnabled"=dword:00000001
"DelectionFrequency"=dword:00000010

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\WindowsUpdate]
"ElevateNonAdmins"=dword:00000001
  • NoAutoUpdate: 0 啟用自動更新
  • AUOptions: 1-4, 1:保持電腦在停用「自動更新」的最新狀態; 2:通知下載及安裝; 3:自動下載並通知安裝; 4:自動下載並排程安裝
  • DelectionFrequencyEnabled: 1 打開自動檢查功能, 自動檢查是否有新的更新程式
  • DelectionFrequency: 00000010 表示每 16 小時檢查一次, 以便查看是否有新的更新可用
  • ElevateNonAdmins: 1 表示不用有管理員權限的普通用戶也可以接收到更新通知

參考資料

2. 保護windows已制定的工作執行

  • 測試成功環境: Windows 2003, Windows XP
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Task Scheduler5.0]
"Property Pages"=dword:00000001
"Execution"=dword:00000001
"DragAndDrop"=dword:00000001
"Task Creation"=dword:00000001
"Task Deletion"=dword:00000001
"Allow Browse"=dword:00000001
  • Property Pages: 禁止修改工作屬性。
  • Execution: 刪除右鍵及計畫工作時快捷選單中的”執行與結束工作”命令,從而禁止用戶手動啟動或停止工作。
  • DragAndDrop: 禁止用戶在工作計畫資料夾中透過移動或複製操作,從而避免新增或刪除計畫。
  • Task Creation: 禁止用戶新建工作。
  • Task Deletion: 禁止用戶從工作計畫資料夾中刪除任務。
  • Allow Browse: 禁止用戶為現有工作更改計畫程序。

參考資料

3. 禁止Windows相關歷史紀錄

  • 測試成功環境: Windows 2003, Windows XP
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer]
"NoRecentDocsNetHood"=dword:00000001
"NoRecentDocsHistory"=dword:00000001
"NoInstrumentation"=dword:00000001
"NoStartMenuMFUprogramsList"=dword:00000001
  • NoRecentDocsNetHood: 禁止網路上的芳鄰紀錄存取過的分享資料夾
  • NoRecentDocsHistory: 禁止紀錄最近存取取過的檔案
  • NoInstrumentation: 禁止對用戶操作進行記錄
  • NoStartMenuMFUprogramsList: 禁止開始功能表顯示常用的程式

4. 解決IE視窗或檔案總管同時關閉問題

  • 測試成功環境: Windows 2003, Windows XP
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer]
"DesktopProcess"=dword:00000001

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced]
"SeparateProcess"=dword:00000001

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\BrowserNewProcess]
"BrowseNewProcess"="yes"
  • DesktopProcess: 1 表示檔案總管使用一個進程,桌面與工具欄使用另一個。這樣當檔案總管異常結束就不會影響桌面與工具列了。
  • SeparateProcess: 1 表示每開一個檔案總管都會使用一個新的進程。
  • BrowseNewProcess: yes 表示每開一個 IE 都會使用一個新的進程。

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